Experience has shown that to be successful, interventions to enhance the quality and relevance of technical and vocational education and training must be demand-driven or, in other words, in line with the current and future needs of the labour market. Therefore, development organisations supporting the supply-side of the skills equation are increasingly interested in good data about and analysis of the skills, trades and sectors that are most promising for current and future employment, particularly youth employment.
As most organisations work in contexts where these types of data are not readily available or reliable and where there is limited awareness of the different types of labour market assessments and how to apply them, there is increasing willingness to invest in methods and tools that will inform programming decisions and support partners, be they Ministries of Education and Training, TVET teacher / instructor training colleges, vocational training centres, etc.
A number of questions come to mind in relation to matching skills supply and demand: what are the different methods and tools for labour market analysis and assessment available? What is the added value of these various methods and tools? What are their limitations? What are the minimum requirements, in terms of time, capacity and budget, for applying these methods and tools? What type of data is needed to feed in the tool and what kind of technical knowledge should be available when putting theory into practice? And how can the time, capacity and funding available for such data collection and analysis be used most effectively?
To answer these questions and help organisations make informed decisions, the Educaid.be working group on technical and vocational education and training (TVET) has invited two international experts to shed their light on the issue.